There are many evaluable aspects when choosing a home to buy or rent. Some of the characteristics most valued by our clients are the location, the meters of useful built area, the number of rooms or the distribution of the rooms. However, there is a quality that sometimes goes unnoticed and have a great impact on the energy efficiency of a house and the well-being it provides.
What is the orientation of a house
When we refer to the orientation of a house we are talking about the direction in which the windows and balconies of its exterior face are, according to the cardinal points. Although South is one of the most popular orientations, there are benefits and disadvantages in each one. In this article, we review each orientation taking into account the characteristic climate of the Levantine area of the Iberian Peninsula; specifically, South Costa Blanca.
It's always sunny in the South
A South orientation guarantees the highest number of hours of light in a home. Properties with this orientation receive light throughout the day during the winter, spring and fall seasons. In summer, the incidence of the sun occurs in the central hours of the day, which are usually also the warmest. This orientation is a guarantee of good lighting for the rooms and a pleasant temperature even in the coldest months. As a consequence, it represents energy savings in heating.
The South is the preferred orientation mainly for clients who come from geographies where the sun hours are not as usual as on the South Costa Blanca. In general, these people want to notice how the presence of the sun permeates every corner of the house. Without a doubt, it is a great option if you are looking for a house from which to enjoy the sun and you do not mind spending some heat during the summer months (in which we recommend having an air conditioning machine installed).
Homogeneous light and fresh summers looking North
On the opposite, the North orientation receives less direct light throughout the day; in fact, exclusively in the first and last hour during the summer days. Homes with this orientation tend to be colder, which can be an advantage when we are in hot climates, as happens on the South Costa Blanca from late spring to mid-autumn. In addition, this orientation provides the house with fairly homogeneous indirect lighting throughout the day: an interesting factor for decoration specialists.
East and West, the two halves of a day
For the East and West orientations, we observe that the sun's rays strike during the middle of the day; in the case of the East, from dawn to noon. In the case of the West, from noon to sunset. These are homes with orientations that can perfectly adapt to the routines of those who inhabit them. The houses oriented to the East will receive heat during the morning that they will preserve throughout the day, making the house more cozy. West-facing homes will receive light in the afternoons, so they can be a great choice for people who work during the day and want to enjoy the sun's rays when they get home.
Other aspects to assess
In addition to all the benefits that the sun brings to the facade of a house, there are other determining factors for the good climatic conditioning of a house: for example, the construction materials for partitions, doors and windows; and even the use of other elements such as textiles of different qualities and shades to promote or reject heat absorption.